1985-1994 of release

Repair and car operation

Ford Skorpio
+ 1.1. Car identification
- 2. Maintenance service
   2.1. Periodicity of service of cars
   2.2. Each 10 000 km or once a year
   2.3. Each 40 000 km
   2.4. Each 60 000 km or in 2 years
   2.5. Check of level of engine oil
   2.6. Engine oil and filter replacement
   2.7. Places of possible leaks of engine oil and their definition
   2.8. Check of level and replacement of a cooling liquid
   2.9. Check of tightness of system of cooling
   2.10. Spark plugs
   2.11. Replacement of the air filter
   2.12. Replacement of the fuel filter
   2.13. Replacement of the valve of ventilation картера the engine
   2.14. Liquid check in air central air
   2.15. Check of level of oil in a transmission
   2.16. Check of level of oil in the back bridge
   2.17. Check of a condition of a protective cover of a power shaft
   2.18. Adjustment of a brake tape in an automatic transmission
   2.19. Check of a condition forward and back brake колодок
   2.20. Check of level and replacement of a brake liquid
   2.21. Check of a condition of a suspension bracket
   2.22. Check of level of a liquid in system of the amplifier of a steering
   2.23. Clearing of a drain for a condensate formed at work of the conditioner
   2.24. Recommendations about engine oils
   2.25. Specifications
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Coupling
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. A kardannyj shaft and the back bridge
+ 9. A steering
+ 10. Suspension brackets
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. Wheels and tyres
+ 13. A body
+ 14. An electric equipment


2.6. Engine oil and filter replacement

Engine oil replacement is necessary for making through each 10 000 km of run of the car with petrol engines and through 7500 km with diesel engines. In case of insignificant operation of the car to make replacement of oil is not more rare than 1 time a year with replacement of a filtering element.

Frequent replacement of engine oil and filter replacement – the most important part of service. At old engine oil there are dissolved particles and pollution that leads to premature deterioration of the engine.

Before oil replacement it is necessary to warm up the engine to working temperature as it considerably raises fluidity of oil and promotes full removal of old oil from the engine. At oil plum to be careful, as following oil has a heat.

1. To establish the car so that a drain stopper was in the lowermost point.
2. To weaken a drain stopper approximately on half of turn, to place the container for merged oil under a drain stopper, then to unscrew a stopper completely.
3. To give the chance, some time to flow down to the fulfilled engine oil. In process of oil running off, the container gradually to move to an oil stream.
4. To clear a drain stopper a pure rag. To remove from a stopper old ring consolidation and to establish the new. To clear a stopper installation site on the pallet. To screw in a drain stopper, having tightened its moment of 25 Nanometers (for diesel engines of 35 Nanometers).
5. For filter replacement to establish the container under the oil filter.
6. A special key for the oil filter to unscrew the used filter.
7. To clear a connection surface, to grease with fresh oil a rubber lining and to screw in the new filter.
8. The oil filter to screw in a hand to a contact of a rubber lining with the engine, then довинтить the filter a hand 3/4 turns (according to the instruction, on its installation, applied on the filter).
9. To fill in fresh oil through маслоналивную a mouth located in a cover of a head of the block of cylinders, observing its correct level.
10. To start the engine and to allow to work some minutes, then to check up leaks round the oil filter and a drain stopper of the pallet.
The prevention

After engine start the control bulb of pressure of oil will burn some time, while the pump not закачает fresh oil in a highway.

11. To switch off the engine and to wait some minutes, that engine oil has flown down in the pallet then repeatedly to measure level of oil and if necessary to add oil.
The prevention

If at the fulfilled engine oil there is a metal shaving, it usually specifies in deterioration radical or шатунных bearings of a cranked shaft.

12. The volume of engine oil corresponding to a difference between labels "MAX" and "MIN" on the index of level of oil, makes approximately 0,5–1,0 litres.

The prevention

Categorically it is forbidden to pour oil above a label "MAX". The oil modulation leads to failure of consolidations of a cranked shaft and the catalyst.

At oil replacement it is desirable to use the engine oil, one type and mark. Oils of different marks are desirable be not to mixing (at доливке or replacement). At change of type and oil mark it is necessary to wash out the engine special means which is added in oil before its replacement. Oils of identical type and mark, but various viscosity can mix up without restriction.

Engine oil volume, дм3

The engine
With filter replacement
Without filter replacement
V6 2,9
V6 2,4
Diesel engine till September, 1993
Diesel engine after September, 1993